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OSHA's new injury and illness reporting requirements — what you need to know

By Avetta Marketing
November 09, 2023
4 minutes

One of the keys to staying safe and compliant is getting and staying ahead of the latest regulations. In a move towards greater transparency and accountability, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has introduced new rules around the reporting of workplace injuries and illnesses. These new regulations, effective from the beginning of 2024, mandate electronic submission of OSHA Form 300 and 301 data, changing the way workplace incidents are documented and reported.

The new requirements: A brief overview

Under the new regulations, establishments with 100 or more employees in designated high-hazard industries, as listed in the new requirements, must electronically submit detailed information about each recordable injury and illness. This includes specific details such as the date, physical location, and severity of the incident, information about the injured worker, and the circumstances surrounding the injury or illness.

Who needs to submit?

Establishments that had a peak employment of 100 or more employees during the previous calendar year, falling within the designated high-hazard industries, are required to comply with these new regulations. OSHA will provide an ITA Coverage Application to help establishments determine their compliance status. It's important to note that these requirements apply to establishments covered by Federal OSHA as well as establishments covered by states with their own occupational safety and health programs (State Plans).

Submission process and deadline

The data must be electronically submitted through OSHA's Injury Tracking Application (ITA). There are three methods for submission: using the webform on the ITA, submitting a CSV file, or employing an application programming interface (API) feed. The ITA will start accepting 2023 injury and illness data from January 2, 2024. The deadline for submission is March 2, 2024, and this requirement is annual, with subsequent deadlines falling on March 2 of each year.

Benefits of the new requirements

These new reporting requirements offer several benefits to both OSHA and various stakeholders within the workplace. For OSHA, access to establishment-specific, case-specific injury and illness data will enable the agency to identify specific hazards promptly. This direct interaction can lead to targeted enforcement and outreach activities, enhancing worker safety and health.

For interested parties, including employers, employees, customers, and the broader population, public access to this data allows for informed decisions about workplace safety and health. Researchers can identify patterns of injuries, illnesses, and hazardous conditions, leading to a safer working environment. OSHA emphasizes its commitment to protecting worker identities, employing various measures to ensure confidentiality while making substantial data available for analysis.


With these new regulations, OSHA is taking a significant step toward creating safer workplaces. By harnessing the power of detailed, case-specific data, OSHA aims to enhance workplace safety, foster transparency, and empower both employers and employees to make more informed decisions. Employers falling under the purview of these regulations must familiarize themselves with the new reporting requirements promptly to ensure compliance, contributing to a safer, healthier, and more transparent work environment for everyone involved.

To get started on your compliance journey, learn more about how Avetta's tools and features make documentation a breeze.

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